General Dentistrytypes of teeth stains

All individuals will at some stage in their life get stains on their teeth. You may, however, not understand the type of stain that you have and thus are unable to effectively deal with the problem. We have outlined the key types of stains below to help you decipher which may apply to you and how to treat it.

Intrinsic teeth stain

The internal portion of your tooth is referred to as dentine. It’s generally darker in appearance naturally but it’s also more porous so picks up stains more readily.

Teeth accumulate staining through the years, and it becomes a lot more apparent the older you are. This occurs due to the dentine in the internal part of the tooth accumulating stain but also due to the whiter enamel thinning over time. This combination will lead to the discoloration of your teeth. Unfortunately, this is inevitable to some extent, but luckily it can be treated as explained below. As the staining is deeper, it is more difficult to remove. Any surface treatment like brushing or professional dental hygiene will not remove this staining.

Extrinsic teeth stain

An extrinsic tooth stain impacts the surface enamel colour, which is the outer layer of the tooth. This part of the tooth protects the dentine and is the hardest part of the tooth. It meets all items that go into your mouth and can mean colours are absorbed over time. Luckily, as these stains are purely on the surface, they are the easiest to remove and deal with.

Dealing with stains

No matter what type of stain you happen to have on your teeth, there are options available. While most of the options available are most effective for extrinsic stains, so long as the treatment has hydrogen peroxide/carbamide peroxide then they can still be effective for other stains. However, you should still discuss with your dentist beforehand before undertaking any of the whitening options outlined below.

Professional dental whitening

This type of whitening is undisputedly the most effective and will help deal with even the deepest of stains on teeth. It’s a cost effective, predictable, and safe way to remove staining. By using specific dental bleach, your teeth will look visibly whiter.

Whitening toothpaste/mouthwash

So long as you use the whitening toothpaste/mouthwash in tandem with a good oral hygiene routine, then they should be able to help remove extrinsic stains. They work by gradually lifting off stains over time, and over a few weeks/months you could see progress. Ensure that you do check with your dentist beforehand however, to ensure that the toothpaste/mouthwash you have chosen is not too abrasive or damaging to your teeth.

Dental hygiene

The dental hygienist is the best person to see if you want to remove extrinsic staining. At our clinic we use airflow technology which removes staining extremely well in a very gentle manner.